Glossary | Interreg Caraïbes


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e-Cohesion is the computerised exchange of data. Managing Authorities must ensure that all the data exchange between programme authorities and beneficiaries (i.e., after signature of the Subsidy Contract) can be done via an electronic data exchange platform. This requirement aims at decreasing paper flow in the programmes.

e-cohésion (échange informatisé des données)
eligibility criteria

Eligibility criteria is the criteria used to assess the eligibility of the project. Whether the project is eligible or not eligible depends on rules set at EU and programme level.

critères d'éligibilité
eligibility period

The eligibility period is the timeframe during which project expenditure must be incurred and paid (unless simplified cost options are used) in order to qualify for reimbursement from the programme funds.

période d'éligibilité
eligible area

An eligible area is the teritory defined in the Operational Programme where project activities co-financed by an Interreg programme should be implemented.

zone éligible
equal opportunities

Equal opportunities is the principle and practice of non-discrimination that makes opportunities in education, employment, resource distribution and other areas freely available to everyone, regardless of their age, race, sex, political association, ethnic origin and any other individual or group characteristic unrelated to ability, performance and qualifications. Equality and non-discrimination is a cornerstone of EU law and policy-making, and the EU is committed to developing measures to ensure equal opportunities.

égalité des chances

Equipment is a budget line that covers any tool, device, instrument, software, etc. purchased, rented or leased by a partner, necessary to achieve objectives of the project. This includes equipment already in possession by the partner organisation and used to carry out project activities (only pro-rata cost related to the project is eligible). (HIT)

equivalent probative value

Equivalent probative value is a term that, when applied to documents, means that the document offers authentic and reliable evidence, although it may be a replacement for another document that usually is accepted as evidence. The replacement document is considered to offer the same proof/supporting evidence as the original would have done. Accounting documents of equivalent probative value must be provided by project partners in the case of expenditure for which there is no invoice available. For standard scales of unit costs, lump sums, flat rates, and for contributions in-kind, no proof of expenditure must be provided.

valeur probante équivalente
ERDF equivalent

ERDF equivalent refers to national funds of Andorra, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Monaco, Norway, San Marino, Switzerland, available to partners from Andorra, Greenland, Faroe Islands, etc. respectively. Depending on the geographical coverage of the programme, different ERDF equivalents may apply. There can be more than one ERDF equivalent in a programme.

financement équivalent au FEDER
European Commission

The European Commission is the executive arm of the European Union. It initiates European Union policy and implements programmes and policies established by the EU legislative and budgetary authorities.

Commission européenne
European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC)

The European grouping of territorial cooperation (EGTC) is an entity with legal personality provided by the EU regulations (Regulation (EC) 1082/2006 being the main legal base for its establishment). It aims at facilitating and promoting territorial cooperation in view of strengthening the Union’s economic, social and territorial cohesion. It enables public entities, but also in specific situations non-profit private entities providing public services, to come together and create a cooperation structure with legal personality. As a general rule, an EGTC must consist of at least two members coming from at least two EU Member States. However, under certain conditions accession of members from third countries or overseas countries of territories is also possible. An EGTC may carry out actions of territorial cooperation, with or without financial contribution from the EU. The EGTC's members unanimously agree on the content of a convention, which describes its objections, tasks and competences, and on the basis of that document adopt statutes. In the case of cooperation programmes, EGTC can act as a managing authority, be responsible for managing part of the programme, be beneficiary of project or act as an intermediate body. The international composition and scope of actions of EGTC naturally enables it to take on new Interreg activities, as well as actively facilitate multi-level governance and macro-regional strategies.

Groupement Européen de Coopération Territoriale (GECT)
European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)

The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) finances the European Neighbourhood Policy. ENI support focuses mainly on: promoting human rights and the rule of law; establishing deep and sustainable democracy and developing a thriving civil society; sustainable and inclusive growth and economic, social and territorial development; including progressive integration in the EU internal market; mobility and people-to-people contacts; including student exchanges, civil society; regional integration; including Cross-Border Cooperation.

Instrument Européen de Voisinage (IEV)
European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)

The European Region Development Fund (ERDF) is an EU fund which is intended to help reduce imbalances between regions of the Community. The Fund was set up in 1975, and grants financial assistance for development projects in the poorer regions. In terms of financial resources, the ERDF is by far the largest of the EU's Structural Funds. The main aim of the ERDF is to overcome the structural deficiencies of the poorer regions in order to reduce the gap between these regions and the richer ones.

Fonds Européen de Développement Régional (FEDER)
European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF)

European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) finance cohesion policy for the period 2014-20. The ESIF consist of five different funds, which are all covered by Regulation (EU) No 1303/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council, the so-called ‘Common Provisions Regulation’. The Structural Funds have two components: the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), providing financial support since 1975 for the development and structural adjustment of regional economies, economic change, enhanced competitiveness as well as territorial cooperation throughout the EU; and the European Social Fund (ESF), set up in 1958 and seeking to contribute to the adaptability of workers and enterprises, access to employment and participation in the labour market, social inclusion of disadvantaged people, combating all forms of discrimination, and creating partnerships to manage reforms in employment. The other three funds constituting the ESIF are the Cohesion Fund, which supports exclusively less-developed Member States; the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development; and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund.

Fonds structurels et d'investissement européens (fonds ESI)
European Territorial Cooperation (ETC)

The European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) objective of the EU's Cohesion Policy supports cooperation across borders of the EU. The 3 dimensions of the ETC Objective: (1) Cross-Border Cooperation: helps transform regions located on either side of borders of the European Union into strong economic and social poles. In particular cross-border actions are encouraged in the fields of entrepreneurship, improving joint management of natural resources, supporting links between urban and rural areas, improving access to transport and communication networks, developing joint use of infrastructure, administrative cooperation and capacity building, employment, community interaction, culture and social affairs. (2) Transnational Cooperation: promotes cooperation among greater European regions, including the ones surrounding sea basins (e.g., Baltic Sea Region, North Sea, Mediterranean and Atlantic Area) or mountain ranges (e.g., Alpine Space) and facilitates coordinated strategic responses to joint challenges like flood management, transport and communication corridors, international business and research linkages, urban development and others. Special attention is given to outermost and island regions (e.g., Indian Ocean, Caribbean Area or Northern Periphery). (3) Interregional Cooperation: provides a framework for the exchange of experiences between local and regional actors from across Europe in order to contribute to the EU’s strategies on growth, jobs and sustainable development. In addition, it aims at reducing disparities by matching less experienced regions with more advanced regions in the various policy fields such as innovation, demographic change, energy supply and climate change.

Coopération Territoriale Européenne (CTE)
European Territorial Observatory Network (ESPON)

ESPON is an applied research programme aimed at supporting the formulation of territorial development policies in Europe. To this end, the programme produces wide-ranging and systematic data on territorial trends related to various economic, social and environmental aspects, with a view to identifying the potential of regions, cities and larger territories and the economic challenges they face. ESPON activities cover all EU Member States, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, and involve more than 130 bodies across the continent. They conduct different kinds of studies (thematic, policy impact, cross-theme, scientific networking, capacity-building) and produce territorial data in the form of statistics, analyses and maps. One of the major challenges of ESPON therefore involves making this material accessible and understandable to local policy-makers. At EU level, the results of ESPON research efforts provide a source of comparable information that can be used to improve the Union's competitiveness and its sustainable development. In the 2014-20 programming period, ESPON will function as a European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation (EGTC). Its main focus is on thematic objective 11: Enhancing institutional capacity of public authorities and stakeholders and efficient public administration.

Observatoire en Réseau de l'Aménagement du Territoire Européen (ORATE)

Evaluation is the periodic assessment of the efficiency, effectiveness, impact, sustainability and relevance of a project/programme in the context of stated objectives. This assessment is usually undertaken as an independent examination with a view to drawing lessons that may guide future decision-making.

evaluation plan

The evaluation plan is the strategic document which will accompany a programme throughout its life and support its result orientation. In the new programming period it is compulsory for the Managing Authority to draft an evaluation plan for their Cooperational Programme. The purpose of an evaluation plan is to improve the quality of evaluations carried out during the programming period, and to provide a framework for planning impact evaluation. In addition, it ensures that evaluations provide inputs for annual implementation and progress reports.

plan d'évaluation
ex-ante evaluation

Ex-ante evaluation is evaluation of a programme before its implementation. The ex-ante evaluation ensures that the Cooperational Programme articulates its intervention logic, and that that it contributes to the Europe 2020 strategy.

évaluation ex-ante
ex-post evaluation

Ex-post evaluation is the responsibility of the European Commission in close cooperation with Member States and Managing Authorities. The ex-post evaluation is carried out after the programme implementation period in order to obtain a view of the programming period as a whole. The purpose of the ex-post evaluation is to assess the effectiveness, efficiency and impact of EU funds.

évaluation ex-post

Expenditure is payment of cash or cash-equivalent for goods or services as evidenced by an invoice or receipt.

expenditure category

see 'budget line'

catégorie de dépenses
expression of interest

An Expression of Interest is a short version of the application form which is used at the first application stage when programmes are using the two-step approach to project selection. The content of it is not binding in the case of submitting the full application form in the second step, but it should not depart significantly from what was initially proposed.

manifestation d'intérêt
external expertise and services

External Expertise and Services is the budget line that covers expenditures of contracting experts, not staff of beneficiaries, and external services - for example, hiring a venue for an event.

expertises et services externes